World food prices rose for a fifth month running in October, fully recovering from the shock caused by the global coronavirus pandemic and with gains seen in most sectors, the United Nations food agency said on Thursday. The Food and Agriculture Organization’s food price index, which measures monthly changes for a basket of cereals, oilseeds, dairy products, meat and sugar, averaged 100.9 points last month, the highest since January, versus a slightly revised 97.8 in September. The September figure was previously given as 97.9. The Rome-based FAO also said in a statement that worldwide cereal harvests remained on course to hit an annual record in 2020, even though it slightly trimmed its previous forecasts.
The agency’s cereal price index jumped 7.2 per cent in October from the month before, some 16.5% above its value a year earlier. Wheat export prices were pushed higher amidst shrinking supplies, while maize hit over six-year highs, lifted by strong demand from China. Feed barley and sorghum prices also rose, while rice, by contrast, touched 7-month lows.
Average sugar prices surged 7.6 per cent from September and were up 9.3 per cent on the year, boosted primarily by the prospects of lower sugar output in both Brazil and India, the two largest sugar producing countries, due to below average rainfalls. The dairy index climbed 2.2 per cent on the month, with all segments of the sector registering gains, most noticeably cheese.
The vegetable oil price index climbed 1.8 per cent month-on-month, thanks largely to firmer palm and soy oil quotations, while the rapeseed oil component dipped on the back of uncertainty over demand within the European Union. The meat index bucked the rising trend seen elsewhere to post a 0.5 per cent month-on-month decline, the ninth monthly decline since January, and a 10.7 per cent drop year-on-year, with quotations for pig meat once again dropping on the back of China’s move to ban imports from Germany following the detection of African swine fever in Europe’s largest economy.
FAO revised down its forecast for the 2020 cereal season for a second month running, cutting it by almost 13 million tonnes, reflecting lower expectations for the output of global coarse grains. However, despite this reduction, the agency still expected a record harvest this year of 2.75 billion tonnes, up 1.6 per cent on 2019 levels.
“Prospects for the 2021 winter wheat crop, which is already being sown in the northern hemisphere, are generally strong, reflecting the expectations of increased plantings in response to higher prices in several main producing countries, notably in the EU,” FAO said. The forecast for world cereal utilisation in 2020/21 was put at 2.745 billion tonnes, up 1.9 per cent from the 2019/20 level. The forecast for world cereal stocks by the close of seasons in 2021 was 876 million tonnes, down 13.6 million tonnes from the previous estimate posted last month.